Blackmore Area Local History
"A stony hill and the Marci family"
|Webpage devoted to Stondon Massey: people
|William Byrd: a Stondon Celebrity.
|John Carre: a Stondon Celebrity.
Notes by Revd. Reeve (1900)
|A Song And
Souvenir Of Stondon Massey. By The Rev. Canon E.
H. L. Reeve, MA
|Stondon Massey in 1845.
Written by Revd. Alfred Inigo Suckling
|Stondon Massey in 1861.
Written by D. W. Coller
|Stondon Massey in 1887.
Written by Miller Christy
|Through Changing Scenes: A history of Stondon Massey in words and music
|Nathaniel Ward: a Stondon Celebrity.
information on Stondon Massey, follow this link to the
Stondon Massey in 1887
is taken from ‘Durrant’s Handbook For
Essex’ written by Miller
Christy (Durrant & Co., Chelmsford,
Massey. A. 1155; P. 261; Rectory,
value £500; 3 m. S.E. from Ongar.
the stony or gravelly hill of the Marci, or Marks, its owners in former
The Place is a good mansion. The Church (SS. Peter and Paul) [left],
though small, is
a remarkable example of a Norman church. It
consists of a nave and
chancel, to which a modern N. aisle and mortuary chapel with vaulted
have been added. A timber framework in the W. end nave supports a tower
bells and a spire. On the N. side were, until recently, two
loopholes, placed very high in the wall. Opposite were two similar
of which, in the 16th cent., was replaced by a
3-light (Perp.) window. In the chancel are two more loopholes like the
not more than 2½ in. wide externally, but splayed internally
to 3 ft. The S. door
is a rude, plain, round-arched one, with square capitals, of Norman
possibly older. The rood-screen and pulpit (both perfect) are of fine
cent. carved oak. The E. window is poor; that at the W. is Perp., with
lancet window over it, which is possibly original. The font is
octagonal, with rose
ornaments. There is a floor brass, with effigy and long inscription to
[Carre](1570), citizen of London ironmonger and
who was born in the parish; and another to Rainold Hollingworth (1753).
begins in 1708.
Massey in 1861
The following is taken from ‘The People’s History
of Essex’ written
by D. W. Coller
(Meggy & Chalk, Chelmsford, 1861)
We must consider
ourselves as returned to Ongar; and, commencing out
pilgrimage to the southward, we pass a little to the left the parish of
– not mentioned in Domesday Book, and supposed to have been
with Ongar or Margaret Roothing [Roding], in which latter parish,
or nine miles distant, the rector still receives the tithes of the
Marks, so called from its ancient owners, the Marci family. Stondon Place, pleasantly
situated, is the
residence of the lord of the manor.
Stondon Massey in 1845
is taken from Revd. Alfred Suckling’s book,
‘Memorials of the antiquities and
architecture, family history and heraldry of the County of Essex’
(John Weale, London, 1845).
With the church of Stondon Massey commences my
eleventh volume of
“Antique and Armorial Collection;” - and I hope
opportunity sufficient will be
afforded me to devote its entire contents to the county of Essex, in which it
is situated. Few
districts offer subjects of higher interest; and although I must admit
of the beauties of a stately cathedral, yet its remains of Roman
- its castellated and its monastic ruins - its ecclesiastical and
structures - present, in singularity of design and construction,
examples of ancient art. The Roman works at Chesterford, considered by
the most entire in England; the castles of Colchester and Hedingham;
of Waltham and the Priory of St. Botolph, both exceedingly curious
the round church of Maplested; and above all, the wooden church of
perhaps a genuine instance of Anglo Saxon Architecture; the houses of
and Audley these, and various others that might be justly adduced,
think, bear me out in asserting that the county of Essex is not to be
in the possession of those curious and interesting remains which
riches of architectural antiquities. Nor will the church of Stondon Massey, upon a close
examination, be considered
as unworthy addition to such a list. Although its south side makes a
but little apparent interest, yet its northern façade,
uninjured by modern
innovation, presents a remarkable display of the peculiar architecture
Anglo-Norman times, than I have hitherto met with. Three small
loop-holes placed, with the most jealous precaution, in the very
portion of the wall, alone admit light from this side of building;
similar number, in a situation exactly corresponding, originally
south wall, of which two still remain; the third has disappeared,
place to a larger window in the nave, of a much more recent era. These
apertures, then, with one at the east and one at the west end, most
equal dimensions, afforded all the light which the devotees of that
period thought it prudent to enjoy. The east end, I grieve to say, is
filled with a modern sash-window: the lancet-window, to be observed in
drawing, placed high up the gable, may he original, and was, perhaps,
round-headed, but I can offer nothing positive on this point, as recent
is apparent in this part of the edifice. Below are correct drawings of
interior and exterior of one of these loop-holes; the Saracenic or
termination of which must not be suffered to pass unnoticed.
Stondon may he inferior in its masonry and finish to the celebrated church of Barfeston in Kent, it far
exceeds that edifice, in my
opinion, as an example of Norman Architecture. A reference to the
show that the church of Stondon comprises
merely a nave and
chancel, of nearly the same width: its eastern termination was
circular I cannot determine, as a modern brick wall forms the present
the interior are a few monuments, which may be thus briefly noticed.
the foot of two small figures, in brass, are the following lines in
Who liste to see and
knowe himselfe may loke
upö this glase,
And view ye
beaten pathe of death We he shall
one day pase;
Wc way I Ramold
Holingworth w pacient mind
Whose bodi here, as
death hath changd, lieth
covëed w this ston:
Thus dust to dust is
brought againe, ye
earthe she bath her owne,
ye lot of all men be, before the
trumpe be blowne.
Obiit 17 Aprilis,
A°. 1573. Mors michi vita.
the memory of Johanna Hollingworth, Spinster, Lady of the Manor of
Massey who died April 12, 1829, at Stonedon Place, in this parish, and
buried in the family at Thundridge, in the county of Herts.
this monument are the arms of Hollingworth.
A mural tablet,
the memory of the families of How and Taylor, who resided at Stondon Place upwards of a
Leigh, of Stondon Place, Gent., died
3rd of October, 1650.
jacet Jacobus Crooke nuper hujus ecclesiae Rector, qui vitam Deo
suam l die Mensis Martij, A.D. 1706, annoque aetatis suae 67.
the west end of this church is a stone octagonal font, with the rose
commonly met with in this shaped ornament; while a screen of wood
divides the nave
and chancel, which is in good preservation, but does not exhibit any
A frame of oak timber,
occupies a considerable portion of the western end, and sustains the
tower and bells, is entitled to observation, on account of its singular
The north and south
doors of the nave are
perfectly plain, having neither column nor moulding in any part.
from top to bottom: (1) St Peter & St Paul Church, Stondon
(Essex); (2) Illustration of memorial brass to John Carre (taken from
'Reeve. Stondon Massey (1900)'); (3) Illustration of memorial
brass to Rainold Hollingworth (taken from 'Reeve'); (4) Illustration of
north side of church (taken from 'Suckling. Memorials (1845)');
(5) North side of St Peter & St Paul Church, Stondon
showing chapel (c1873) and toilet extension (2005). Below. St
Peter & St Paul Church, Stondon Massey (taken from 'Suckling.
A Song And Souvenir Of Stondon Massey.
By The Rev. Canon E.
H. L. Reeve, MA
The verses that follow were
written for a village fête at Stondon last June , The
they contain may interest a wider circle of readers.
Do ye know
little Stondon? she makes a brave show
her great ones who strew the long ages;
moment, and int’rest will grow
o’er her wonderful pages.
And ‘Stondon for ever’ be ready to say!
little more than twenty miles from London, the parish of
Stondon has always
numbered people of repute among its residents, and the old Hall near
has in its day rested many famous men. Some of these form the theme and
inspiration of our song.
Marcy, the Norman, bequeathed
her his name
Church on the hill he erected;
stout flinty walls
stand for ever the same,
Be his piety ever
whence you may, etc.
family were possessors of the manor of Stondon
soon after the Norman Conquest, and their Connection with it explains
otherwise mysterious appendage ‘Massey’ which
became attached to the Saxon name
of the village. The Spigurnells, who followed, became owners through
sing of a soldier? – there’s Belknap the bold,
Who in France for his
Two Kings in their pride
‘neath his draped
cloth of gold
whence you may, etc.
Belknap, lord of the manor, served in the French
war, and was knighted by King Henrv VIII at Tournay in 1514. The
for the meeting of Henrv with his rival, Francis, King of France, at
were largely in his hands. Everv one, including the great English
Sir Edward well. He received instructions to be sure to pitch
Wolsey’s tent in
a dry place! (State papers).
Do ye love
civic splendour? Behold ye John Hende,
Twice lord mayor and
by the people;
The King sought his aid
his exchequer to
built for our village a steeple.
whence you may, etc.
Sir John Hende,
an earlier lord of the manor, was Lord Mayor
of London in 1391, and
again in 1404. King
Richard II borrowed money from him.
belfry of the church dates from his time, and probably owed much to his
benefaction. The oldest of our three bells, bearing a maker’s
mark of about A.D.
1400, is dedicated to St. John the Evangelist, who may have been
saint. His two sons bore his name John.
John Carre for
a bountiful magnate may stand,
In his will half the
city was mentioned;
his birthplace he turned with a prodigal hand
‘tis still with his
you may, etc.
John Carre, a
Stondon lad, became an affluent man, and as an
ironmonger and merchant adventurer was a prominent figure in city
circles. He died
in 1570, leaving a charity to the parish which bears to-day the name of
his nephew and executor. Carre
buried with great pomp by representatives of the Ironmongers Company
sanctuary at Stondon Church, where a fine
brass monument still
commemorates him. By
his will a sermon
was to be preached annually in the church at Whitsuntide for twenty-one
in memory of him.
learning and lore Stondon records supply,
For a Judge
if you make
Spigurnell and Shelley great causes
held his Sov’reigns commission,
you may, etc.
Spigurnell, a cousin of Edmund and John, successively
lords of the manor, was between the years 1295 and 1327 constantly
King Justiciar. Sir William Shelley, two centuries later (1527 - 1548),
the estate as the heir of Sir Edward Belknap already mentioned, and was
famous judge in the time of Henry VIII.
Nathaniel Rich was a statesman of might,
at home the Petition of Right,
the New England Plantations.
you may, etc.
Rich, lord of the manor, was for some years a
member of Parliament, and holds an important place in its records in
with the Petition of Right presented by the Commons to King Charles I
He was also a great promoter of the New England Settlements in Virginia, and from 1619
to his death in 1636
was in constant correspondence on the subject, and held shares in
Do you ask
us to give you a musical treat?
in Byrd a musician
and Psalms or for Madrigals
puzzled a better to name us.
whence you may, etc.
musician and composer, 1543 - 1623, was a
gentleman of the Queen’s Chapel Royal, and is of more than
national fame. His
works are world-renowned, and the tercentenary of his death was
observed in July
1923, both in England and abroad. He
lived at Stondon Place - first as
tenant and then as owner
- for some thirty years (1595 - 1623) and a mural tablet has been
erected in the church as an outcome of the tercentenary celebrations by
committee of his ardent admirers.
Commissioner lived at the Hall
blame ‘Master Hollingworth’s’
For the King’s
use he claimed broidered
vestment and pall,
sequestered the obit and chalice
whence you may, etc.
Hollingworth and his wife lived as tenants at
Stondon Hall for some thirty years. A brass monument in the Church
his death in 1573. In the reign of Edward VI he was largely employed in
visiting parish churches and monastic houses, and his name constantly
as that of an unwelcome intruder. Droves of sheep and cattle held as
were often claimed ‘for the King’s use.’
And the greater part of the Church
vestments, plate, sacring hells, and incidentals was similarly removed;
the bare necessaries - paten, chalice, and surplice, etc - being left
was hold speaker and fighter withal
The lord Cromwell
him a treasure,
He gave him his portrait
to hang in his hall
Though he sometime
confined him at pleasure!
whence you may, etc.
nephew of Sir Nathaniel, was lord of the
manor, 1636 - 1701. He fought for the Parliament in the Civil War, and
the royal strongholds of Deal, Sandown, and Dover, for which he
received the thanks
of the House. As a Fifth-Monarchy man he incurred the displeasure of
Protector, who had previously given him his watch and a portrait of
which now hangs in the National Portrait Gallery. For
some years he was under surveillance and
was confined in several State prisons. Good relations were restored
two men before the Protector’s death in 1658.
Do ye look
for a Preacher? our Puritan Ward
pride of the House
that derived him;
lives at Harvard, though stern Bishop
In his zeal
of his Living deprived him.
you may, etc.
was Rector of Stondon 1626 – 1633.
He had been educated at Emmanuel College, Cambridge. The Bishop of London, of
whose diocese Essex then formed a
part, deprived him
for his puritanical leanings. Ward emigrated to Masschussetts, where he
received a grant of 500 acres for his capable assistance in drawing up
of Liberties.’ Returning to England he left his
farm to Harvard College, then recently
benefactor, John Harvard, he had known at Emmanuel. The pulpit in Stondon Church was erected by
him and bears date 1630
and shows also a scroll and carvings which clearly associate it with a
volume of sermons produced by Ward’s brother Samuel in 1628.
at least men of Stondon have been,
Of the stamp legal
have pleased you right well these
our squires to have seen
robes at the County Assizes!
you may, etc.
Sheriffs have been Sir Thomas Gobyon as early as
1323, John Hende, jun. 1443, John Hende (his brother) 1456, Walter
and John How 1730. All were in turn lords of our manor.
We had bold
desperadoes who followed John Cade,
reeking that trouble
fair Queen of Scots one could pledge
gallantry proved his undoing!
you may, etc.
Jack Cade in 1450 were William arid Richard Reynolds,
tanners; John Whepyll, smith : John Camp and William Edwyn, husbandmen
others from the parish of lower degree. The individual alluded to is
Shelley, who risked and staked all for the cause of Mary Queen of Scots. He was arraigned for high
Elisabeth in 1585, condemned and sentenced, and all his estates were
confiscated. By some means he must have obtained a reprieve as he died
among his friends, though still under surveillance. The family seat was
Michelgrove in the parish of Clapham, near Worthing and the little
church there contains
some important monuments. It was in one of the Patching copses
overlooking the Sussex coast that
William was detected
‘whispering‘ with abettors from across the sea. He
was a grandson of the Judge.
Now I think
I have shown you from history true
- Some with
with counsel and leading –
Stondon men have come forward their
duty to do
their country their talents was needing.
you may, etc.
suppose that Stondon has had a monopoly of fame
though, as I have said, circumstances have frequently introduced her to
of wide celebrity.
youngsters of Stondon, and carry her on,
your applauses be
worthily honour the days that are gone
those worthy that follow.
you may, etc.
Is it too much
to ask that we shall still maintain our good
name? A legacy of honour such as we have received may well stimulate
friends to go forward and add to it. May we never want good citizens to
us like those giants of old!
Review’, October 1924.
These are the Almshouses of an ancient Charity, still
in existence in Stondon.
“We seem to
recall that Giles
Cottages were some kind of almshouses. Did Albert and Rosa Gosling
qualify for assistance and move in there when they married in 1887?
among the “poor of the parish” and at some point
they were given gifts of a
sack of coal and money, possibly ten shillings, at Christmas. Who
owned the cottages?”
“Number 5 was
the family home for at least 80 years. I can’t quite work out
how Rosa junior
was allowed to stay there after the death of her father Albert in 1944,
she was, why they were apparently so keen to get rid of her later on.
moved out she was already in her mid seventies, so I would have thought
could have been a waiting game, with her surely not having too many
As it turned out she lived on another eighteen years!”
Giles Charity still exists for the benefit of parishioners in hardship. The Stondon Massey parish
that the Trust gives money towards
the cost of travel for the patient who has to travel to and from
treatment, or family members, who are visiting the person who is sick
hospital over a period of time
- equipment in the home
- provision of bedding,
fuel, furniture, including comforts and other aid for the sick
- educational assessments and other
needs e.g. speech therapy
- expenses for people
doing further studies
- assist purchase of school uniforms and
In more recent times all the cottages were sold off,
because they were in need of refurbishment. The Charity therefore
advised that the records of the Charity
are held at the Essex Record Office.
quick look at SEAX did not reveal much. A more diligent search might.
book (1900) includes notes about the charity and its officers
from its founding in 1575.
I have notes of a
Baines family in Stondon Massey. There
was an Ernest Baines junior and Ernest Baines senior, who was 44 in
1915. Revd. Reeve
(Rector of Stondon) wrote:
Baines, of Stondon, who has for some years been doing duty as
Verger at the Parish Church left on Monday
to join the Transport Corps of the Royal Engineers.
A man of 44 and accustomed to horses, he was
anxious to place his services at the disposal of his King and country.
Baines is a married man
with a large family,
some of the children are now old enough to earn their own living: and
that his example may lead some of the single men who are still holding
come forward and enlist. So
Government have procured the services of a vast army without
Office is calling men up. Lads
who are now eighteen are finding
themselves called for, and among them Leonard Hasler, Ernest Baines,
Baines, of Stondon, and Thomas Roast, formerly of Stondon School, now
Church Clerk Ernest
Baines, (father of E Baines junior) is now
discharged, having done good service, chiefly at Welsh
centres, in the Army Training Corps.”
In June 1918 we find
Ernest Baines junior
serving in Italy but by Armistice Day “His son, a young
fellow of 19 bearing
the same name, has recently been wounded in one of the last engagements
Italian Front and is in Hospital in Italy with injuries (as we at
understand) to both legs”. Ernest Baines returned home in
July 1919 after a
long spell in hospital. His
father rang the bells at Stondon “with
all the old vigour” once the Armistice was announced on 11th
remembered Ernest (Ernie) Baines junior around Stondon Massey when she
quite young. “He only had one leg, which ties in with the
reference to his leg
injuries in Italy [in 1918], but
surprisingly quickly with his crutches.”
|Garnham family: Follow this link
Gosling [father of Alice Larke]
was illegitimate, father unknown, but his mother was Susan Gosling,
January 1847 in Stondon Massey, the daughter of William Gosling, born
Kelvedon Hatch. Susan later married Philip Baines, who was a widower
several children, including Ernest Baines,
who I remember around Stondon
Massey when I was a child. The
family of course disappeared as they only had daughters who survived
are also related to the Lagdens who I believe are still in evidence
Kelvedon Hatch.” Ruth
This picture of the
Gosling family (right) was taken
c1908 on the doorstep of their home at Giles Cottages.
They are back row Edith (1889 – 1980)
Standish and lived in London, Rosa (1864 – 1934), Alice (1891
– 1972) wife of
and my grandmother, front row Rosa (1898 – 1992) lived in Giles
Cottages until 1974, Eleanor (1905 –
2001) lived in Kelvedon Hatch and
Emily (1896 - ??1960s) lived near Ashwells.
“My grandmother Alice did
mention Stondon Massey School but
only to tell me how easy it was for me – no cane, no learning
by rote etc.
Gosling died in 1944 and his daughter Rosa still lived at Giles Cottages.
She married and raised her step-children and her own daughter
fostered until Rosa
married) there and we moved her out in 1974. The owner(s) had been
pressure on her for some time to leave, but she was a very private and
independent person and didn’t say much.
Even then she only moved to Soames Mead. She died in
1992 and is buried
in Stondon Massey churchyard. Most of the family are, although some of
their ashes interred instead, apart from my grandmother Alice. For some reason her
husband was cremated and
she just went the same way when she died.
No one thought about what to do with the ashes. The
last ones to be
buried there were in 2003 when we buried the ashes of my
Nellie and her daughter. As there were only daughters (Albert and Rosa
son but he died in infancy) that was the end of our Goslings.
This Gosling might be related. to
“James GOSLING born Blackmore Essex enlist
Romford 30144, PRIVATE, Died,
Home, 05/11/16, FORMERLY 23863, ESSEX REGT., Suffolk Regiment, 2nd
Gosling was not
living at Blackmore, to my knowledge, at the time as he is not
the War Memorial. He is buried at Felixtowe according to the
Graves Commission’ (citation).
Unfortunately cwgc does not give his parents or family address.
added: “The Goslings used the name James several times, and
spread out a bit
around Doddinghurst and Kelvedon Hatch as well.”
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Massey History House
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neighbouring parish of Stondon Massey
Government & Poor Relief
updated: 16 June 2011